December 14 was born Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl Dandonald Marquis of Maranhao (1775 — 1860) — British admiral and politician, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. A prototype of the literary character of Captain Jack Aubrey and Hornblower.
In 1793, he joined the Royal Navy 28-gun frigate HMS Hind under Captain Alexander Cochrane. In 1795, he was appointed acting lieutenant in the 38-gun frigate HMS Thetis. After serving in the United States, Lord Cochrane in 1798, he returned home and was appointed lieutenant in the eighth flagship 98-gun HMS Barfleur, under the flag of Commander in Chief in the Mediterranean Admiral Lord Keith. In 1799 he was assigned command of the prize by the French battleship Généreux. The ship caught in a storm and was only saved by the actions of the Cochrane and his brother.
In May 1800 Cochrane was promoted to the rank of Commander and appointed commander of the 14-gun sloop HMS Speedy. Commanding them in the Mediterranean, he took more than 50 enemy ships. A year later, he boarded the Spanish 32-shove. frigate, El Gamo. July 21, 1801 the brig was intercepted by a French squadron of three ships of the line Rear Admiral Lin and after a fierce resistance captured. Returning from captivity after the Peace of Amiens Cochran used the free time for education, attending lectures at the University of Edinburgh. In 1803, war resumed, and Cochrane was given command of the 22-gun sloop HMS Arab to the order to protect the fishing vessels in the Orkney Islands. Former French privateer, armed not by UK standards it was too slow for the exuberant nature of his captain (later in his memoirs Cochrane contemptuously dubbed him «my collier»). Nevertheless, even with such a clumsy ship Cochrane managed to capture the American merchant ship Chatham, thus creating completely undesirable complications for the British government. As a result, it moved away from sin captain of the 32-gun frigate HMS Pallas and sent to the west coast of France.
Commanding a series of 32-gun HMS Pallas and the 38-gun HMS Imperieuse, he held a series of distinguished by its audacity and success of operations: the capture of «merchants», landing on the coast, attack warships in the river mouths, attack the coastal forts and signal stations. The French appreciated his work appreciated by giving the nickname «Sea Wolf» (French le loup des mers.); English as navy him reputation as a strong and lucky captain. In April 1809 a team of Cochrane detachment fire-night attacked the French squadron in the Basque raid, near Rochefort. The attack failed, but if not reluctance of fleet commander Admiral Gambier help, the consequences could be for the French, and all disastrous. Behind this success Cochrane was awarded the Order of the Bath. However, Cochrane requested the court-martial of the Gambia for failure to provide support. Court although he admitted lack of support, but the actions of Admiral justified as a whole, as a result of the stubborn captain bought this lot of enemies, which is reflected in its promotion.
Not having received the command, Cochrane entered politics, being elected to Parliament from Westminster. Here he joined the opposition and began sarcastically criticized as his former colleagues and the policy of Lord Castlereagh. Words alone are not limited to Cochrane — in 1810 he organized and headed the defense of the house of his political ally Francis Burdett, located in Piccadilly (the latter must have been arrested by order of the House of Commons). Measures taken by the Cochrane proved so effective that for taking home the government would have to make a real assault, destroying the half of the street and suffering heavy losses. Fortunately, common sense took the upper hand and Burdett prefer to negotiate. In 1814, against the Cochrane was charged with fraud on the stock exchange, and in spite of his claims of innocence, he was expelled from the House of Commons, and the list of naval officers. In 1818, Cochrane has accepted the invitation of Chilean President Bernardo O’Higgins take the post of commander of the Chilean Navy. In August the brig Rose and his wife Lady Catherine, and two children he sent to Valparaiso. Passing by St. Helena, Cochrane tried to see Napoleon, to offer him the post of emperor of South America. On its coast guard would not let. Later, from Chile, he secretly sent an emissary to the island, but by this time Napoleon was already terminally ill. Читать далее