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Фев 25 15

Returning to Valparaiso

Автор: warrior

Returning to Valparaiso with the news, Searle had been astonished when Cochrane still refused to allow the ships to sail. After a frustrating week in which all his overtures were rejected, the British captain took matters into his own hands and escorted the Inspector out with Hyperion cleared for action.18 On that occasion, Searle had received a rap over the knuckles from the Admiralty for his undiplomatic conduct. After the second, he and his frigate were recalled to England. From the perspective of the British captain, however, even this cloud had a silver lining. According to Thomas Collings, the crippled clerk of HMS Owen Glendower, whenHyperion returned round Cape Horn she carried remittances of ‘freight’ from British merchants worth $3million (or £600,000) in coin and bullion, half of which had been loaded at Callao.

Achille

The percentage that Captain Searle received for providing this service would have been around £6000!
From the viewpoint of local British merchants, Hardy’s position seemed legalistic and unhelpful. Particularly when compared with that of the United States Navy читать полностью…

Фев 22 15

Cochrane in the Pacific

Автор: warrior

The convoy was off Lima on 29 October. Leaving San Martin and Galvarinoto escort the transports carrying the army the remaining 25 miles north to the scruffy little port of Ancon, Cochrane turned aside with the rest of the squadron and began to enforce the blockade that the Chilean Government had declared on 20 August.

Cochrane in the Pacific

Unfortunately the blockade was to create more problems for the Chileans than it solved. At the end of 1818, Viceroy Pezuela had decided to increase the flow of supplies and expand his revenues by allowing foreign ships and goods to enter Peru. читать полностью…

Фев 20 15

Official Protests from foreign naval commanders

Автор: warrior

Official Protests from foreign naval commanders in the area quickly followed. No one disputed the fact that Chile had the right to declare a blockade and arrest any vessels that broke it. Indeed, the decrees that laiddown the conduct of the blockade closely followed international practice. But for a blockade to be legitimate, there was a basic rule that the number of warships enforcing it had to be adequate to the task. The problem was that the Chileans had declared the Peruvian coast under blockade from 21° 48’ to 2° 12’ south – a distance of 2000 miles! Sir Thomas Hardy – Nelson’s old flag captain at Trafalgar who had now replaced Bowles as British commander-in-chief – protested, pointing out that Cochrane’s force was too small to be able to control such a vast area, and that the Chilean blockade could not therefore be accepted as legitimate.

Lhazaar Principalities

The Americans took the same view. Hyperion,Conway and the USS Macedonian had been providing escorts for merchantmen for some time. Now the maritime powers began to increase their presence in the area. Sir Thomas Hardy rounded the Horn in the frigate Creole to be on hand personally and ordered the 74-gun Superb to follow. The American consul made it known that the 74-gun ship Franklin was on its way. Then, in January 1821, a French squadron comprising the 74-gun Colosse, the Galathéeand L’Echo appeared. This caused some alarm until Rear Admiral Julien innocently assured the Chileans tha this ships were only on a training and fact-finding cruise. читать полностью…

Фев 19 15

Cochrane in the Pacific

Автор: warrior

The convoy was off Lima on 29 October. Leaving San Martin and Galvarinoto escort the transports carrying the army the remaining 25 miles north to the scruffy little port of Ancon, Cochrane turned aside with the rest of the squadron and began to enforce the blockade that the Chilean Government had declared on 20 August.

blockade of Callao

Unfortunately the blockade was to create more problems for the Chileans than it solved. At the end of 1818, Viceroy Pezuela had decided to increase the flow of supplies and expand his revenues by allowing foreign ships and goods to enter Peru. It took time for neutrals to respond, but by1820, dozens of British and American ships were arriving in Peruvian waters. читать полностью…

Янв 29 15

blockade of Callao

Автор: warrior

After Andromache had sailed away carrying Kitty and his family, Lord Cochrane handed over the blockade of Callao to Robert Forster – now a commodore – and turned his attention to raiding the isolated settlements scattered along Peru’s long coastline. To satisfy Cochrane’s continual demand for military action, San Martin had eventually supplied him with an ewly raised Peruvian regiment commanded by Colonel William Miller and given him a free hand. On 20 March 1821, he attacked Pisco, which had been reoccupied by the royalists after San Martin’s withdrawal the previous October, seizing cattle, horses and much-needed supplies. On 21April, Cochrane evacuated the town once more and, with his flag now flying in the San Martin, headed south.

blockade of Callao

On 6 May, he bombarded and sacked Arica, seizing $110,000 in coin and silver. With orders to raise the Provinces of Arica and Arequipa, Miller and his men advanced into the interior in the direction of Tacna, swinging northwest to head off the three detachments of Spanish troops sent from Arequipa, Puno and La Paz before they could combine to confront him. He met and defeated the first in the valley of the Mirave, then forced-marched his troops 100 miles north to Moquega where he routed the other two detachments, pursuing them into the high mountains. Only the armistice of 23 May prevented further activity. читать полностью…

Янв 27 15

Madagascar quality ship models

Автор: warrior

Here do all the small things. Guns, Bochica, bollards.

Further, these «blank» sent to accrete sails.

21

22

читать полностью…

Янв 25 15

Madagascar quality ship models

Автор: warrior

Madagascar has unwound workshop, where they make good quality ship models, from pink and red wood. Do all sorts of models, ranging from the historic sailing ships to modern cruise liners. A lot of manual work and a very decent detail. Quality is not a museum, but people try. Size of ship models too different from small yachts of about 20 cm to Spanish galleons larger than two meters.

ship models

Beginning of construction. In fact it is the same small shipyard. читать полностью…

Янв 22 15

relationships with the local Spanish aristocracy

Автор: warrior

Cochrane then put to sea, leaving Kitty to go off on a brief tour of Peru in which she soon established – not withstanding her husband’s position – warm personal relationships with the local Spanish aristocracy. Escorted by James Paroissien, she left Huacho on the afternoon of 28 January, and headed north on the first leg of a journey inland to Quilca. Once more she enjoyed crossing mountains and deserts and swinging over precipitous ravines on rickety rope bridges. But, while staying at the palace of the Marquesa de la Placer at Quilca, she heard rumours of a plotto kidnap her and her child and hold them hostage. Borrowing a palanquin from the obliging Marquis of Torre Tagle, Kitty made a dash for the coast, passing through an area where an epidemic of typhus was raging. She reached Huacho on 14 February and immediately joined her sons in the welcoming sanctuary of HMS Andromache. But alas, forbaby Elizabeth Josephine – less than a year old and already ailing – the rush through the fever infested coast of Peru proved to be too much and, on 20 February 1821, Captain Shirreff sadly noted the baby’s death in the frigate’s log.27 The body was put in spirits to preserve it until Christian burial could be arranged.

tall ship

For Lord Cochrane this blow added to the strain he was already under. In March, hewrote sadly to tell O’Higgins the news, and prepared to send Kitty and the children home to safety in England on theAndromache. читать полностью…

Янв 19 15

Huacho

Автор: warrior

Indeed, contemporary observers described Spry as ‘a very skil ful naval officer and a brave and zealous officer’, adding ‘there is no ship in the Chilean Navy in a better state of discipline than the Galvarino.’13 Cochrane had then boarded the brig and told the crew contemptuously from the quarterdeck that he did not want their services and that he could execute his plans without them and without their ship.

Pirate ship

Spry’s court martial sat on 3 and 5 March. Lord Cochrane preferred three charges – one, that Spry had refused to put to sea when ordered; two, that he had threatened to resign in sympathy with Guise; and three, that he had incited his ship’s company to protest. читать полностью…

Янв 16 15

Chilean Navy in a better state

Автор: warrior

In another she begged him to ‘Keep your mind at rest my dearest and most beloved Cochrane, and for my sake take care of yourself and remember that absence strengthens and not diminishes love.’24 But by the end of 1820,the strain of separation had become too great and, on 9 December, Kitty embarked with her three children onHMS Andromache bound for Peru.

Pirate ship

Andromache reached Callao on 29 December, and a fortnight later, the Cochrane family were reunited when O’Higgns andEsmeralda rejoined the blockade after an unsuccessful search for Venganza and Prueba on the high seas. But Kitty had not wasted her time. читать полностью…